UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA.
CHAPEL HILL, N. C:
PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY.
Digitized by the Internet Archive
EDWIN ANDERSON ALDERMAN, D.C.L., President.
RICHARD HENRY WHITEHEAD, M.D., Professor of Anatomy
FRANCIS PRESTON VENABLE, Ph.D., Professor oj Chem-
JOSHUA WALKER GORE, C.E., Professor of Physics.
HENRY Van PETERS WILSON, Ph.D., Professor of Biology.
CHARLES STAPLES MANGUM, M.D., Professor of Physiology
and Materia Medica.
CHARLES BASKELiVILLE. Ph.D., Assistant Professor of
Foundation. The object of the Medical School is to
furnish thorough instruction in the elementary branches
of medical science. It is well known that man}' of our
best medical colleges are literally overrun by students.
Modern medical requirements demand a practical knowl-
edge of many subjects which can be obtained only by
laboratory work, and the problem of furnishing this to
large classes is one of the most vexing with which medi-
cal colleges have to contend. The very size of their
classes constitutes an obstacle to proper instruction
which is, at best, only imperfectly overcome. For ex-
ample, it is impossible to te;ich anatomy under the pres-
ent system to large classes; for nobody sees what the
lecturer is demonstrating. In the dissecting hall, the
students work almost unassisted, and few students are
capable of learning the subject without assistance.
Hence the demand for quiz-masters and quiz-compends.
The records of our State Examining Board show that
it is in just these elementary studies that candidates for
license are most deficient. A school, therefore, which
should overcome this deficiency for North Carolina stu-
dents would have decided reason for its existence. The
establishment of a degree-conferring school, on the other
hand, was deemed unwise and impracticable, for practical
knowledge is certainly as important in the higher as in
the lower branches, and the necessary clinical advantages
cannot be had outside of large cities. It was the inten-
tion of the University to make a thoroughly good prepara-
tory medical school, and it claims all the advantages
derived from small classes, good equipment, and compe-
tent instructors. It believes that the wisdom of this
course is justified by the large number of its students
who, in the few years of its existence have taken high
standing at other colleges, and before hospital com-
mittees and examining boards. The school has received
the sanction of the State Medical Society, and a number
of the most eminent practitioners of the State have shown
their approval of its course by sending- their sons to it.
The school is preparatory only in the sense that it con-
fines itselr entirely to the fundamental branches of med-
icine, its courses being credited by many of the diploma-
Other advantages are the comparatively small cost of
tuition, board, etc., and its connection with the Uni-
versity, all of whose privileges are open to medical stu-
dents, who are also subject to the same rules of disci-
pline as their academic fellows.
COURSES OF INSTRUCTION.
Course A. This is intended for those students who in-
tend to devote four years to the study of medicine, and
its successful completion admits to the third year of
high grade colleges maintaining the four year curricu-
lum. It extends over two sessions of nine months each,
and includes the following studies: Chemistr} 7 , Phy-
sics, Biology, Histology, Anatomy, Chemical Analysis,
and Toxicology, Embryology, Physiology, Materia Med-
ica, Pathology and Minor Surgery.
Course B is for students who can give only three years
to medical education. It lasts one session of nine
months, and its completion admits to the second year of
almost any of the diploma-granting colleges. The
branches of study are Physics, Chemistry, Histology
Anatomy, Physiology, and Materia Medica.
Useful and abiding knowledge of this subject can be
gained only by thorough study of the human body. The
student must see and verify for himself the truths of
anatomy as they exist in nature. The method of in-
struction is therefore one of demonstration rather than
of lectures. In the first year the body is studied by sys-
tems, first the bones, then muscles, etc., the class being
divided into sections to facilitate the work. The stu-
dent does much of the dissecting for himself, but the
more difficult dissections are made for him by the in-
structor. Frequent practical examinations are held upon
which much stress is laid, in order to enforce proper
studj' of the cadaver. In the second year the study
proceeds by regions. The student does all the dissect-
ing, but is still under the supervision of an instructor,
wno examines him daily upon the work done, and indi-
cates the bearing of anatomical facts upon surgical oper-
ations. Any inclination on the student's part towards
investigation will receive encouragement. A State la\
for procuring dead bodies furnishes the requisite ma-
An elementary course in general Physics, given by
text-book and class room experiments. The subjects of
Mechanics, Heat,Sound, Electricity, Magnetism and Light
ar e considered and the general facts and laws of these
branches of the subject studied. The fundamental doc-
trines of the conservation and transformation of energy
are emphasized. Special attention is given to the parts
of the subject more directly connected with the study of
PROFESSOR VENABLE AND ASS'T PROFESSOR BASKERVILLE.
The course in Chemistry includes General or Descrip-
tive Chemistry, Qualitative Analysis, Toxicology, and
1. Descriptive Chemistry. Three lectures a week
through both terms.
The elements and their compounds are described, and
the theories of chemistry are studied so far as is neces-
sary for securing a fundamental knowledge of the
2. Qualitative Analysis. Two afternoons a week for
the Fall term.
3. Toxicology and Urinary Analysis. Two after-
noons a week of the Spring term.
In the first term the application of the ordinary tests
for bases, acids and compounds is learned. This is fol-
lowed after Christmas by a study of the poisons, their
action, antidotes and detection. Later in the Spring
the qualitative and quantitative anatysis of urine is
COURSES IN BIOLOGY.
In the biological courses some record of each day's
work is kept by the student. This record consists chief-
ly of sketches made directly from the dissections or the
preparations under the microscope. The importance of
making a figure (even a poor one) of the object under
study, cannot be overestimated as an aid to observation.
In addition to the usual written examinations, practi-
cal examinations on the work done in the laboratory are
held. These are found to be of the greatest service in
keeping up the tone of the daily practical work.
1. General Biology. Representative types of the great
groups of animals are dissected and studied microscpi-
cally. The forms range, on the one side, from the uni-
cellular plants to the flowering- plants, and on the other,
from the unicellular animals to the vertebrates. The
structure of the cell and nucleus, and the changes of the
latter during division, are included in the course. In the
lectures the forms to be studied are briefly described,
their relations to other living things are pointed out,
and the principles which they illustrate are explained.
The fundamental facts concerning living things are
thus learned directly from nature in such a way as to
develop the power of accurate observation, skill in the
handling of instruments, and method in the recording"
2. Vertebrate Histology. The principal tissues and
organs of the vertebrate body are here studied by the re-
fined methods of modern microscopy. Whenever profit-
able, the living 1 tissue is first examined. Both paraffin
and celloidin sections are employed, the staining and
mounting being done by each member of the class.
3. Vertebrate Embryology. The main facts in the
development of a vertebrate animal are here worked out
by the student for himself, with the aid of explanatory
lectures. A brief survey of the early stages of develop-
ment, including fertilization, segmentation, and the for-
mation of the germ-layers, is made on the eggs of the
star-fish, amphibia, and teleosts. The origin and devel-
ment of the typical vertebrate organs is then followed
out in some detail on chick embryos. In addition, the
foetal membranes of some mammalian embryo (rat, cat,
pig) are examined.
The embedding, section-cutting - , staining, mounting,
are all done by the student. In this and the preceding-
course a useful knowledge of microscopic technique is
The value of these biological studies is very great
both because of their direct bearing upon medical science
and because of the technical skill acquired through
Under this head is embraced the study of the functions
of the various organs and tissues of the bod}\ Especial
attention is paid to the nervous and digestive systems.
This constitutes the study of the geographical and
botomcal sources of drugs, their physiological and toxic
effects, and, to a less extent, the indications for their
rational use. Opportunities will be given the student to
familiarize himself with many of the crude drugs and
The work in this subject is largeh- of laboratory
nature, and is divided as follows: 1. Bacteriology. The
student learns by practical experience the methods of
cultivating', staining and identifying the principal bac-
teria, and their pathological significance is explained
by lectures and demonstrated by inoculation of animals.
In this waj- during the last session the chief pathogenic
bacteria were studied in pure culture on the various
media, after which the methods of obtaining pure cul-
tures from mixtures of bacteria were learned. The nec-
essary manipulations are carried out by the students, who
thus obtain a practical knowledge of the subject which
can De gained in no other way.
2. A short course in the methods of examining normal
and pathological blood.
3. Pathological Histology. Here the various changes
which may be produced in the tissues as a result of
disease are discussed in lectures and studied by means of
the microscope. The laboratoi\y is especially well pro-
vided with pathological material. Thus during the las;
session each student stained, mounted, and studied over
one hundred sections extending over almost the whole
range of pathology.
The sections become the property of the student,
and are of much use afterwards. The laboratory con-
tains a library of standard works.
The class practices the application of bandages and
splints, and the modern methods of dressing wounds.
The fee for tuition is one hundred dollars a j'ear, one
half payable at the beginning of each term, in Septem-
ber and in January. A medical student has no other fee
to pay unless he occupy a University room. Board costs
from six to thirteen dollars a month.
THE WOOD SCHOLARSHIP.
Mrs. Mary Sprunt Wood, of Wilmington, has founded,
in memory of her late husband, Dr. T. F. Wood, an
annual scholarship of the value of ninety dollars.
THE HARRIS PRIZE.
Mrs. T. W. Harris offers, in honor of the late Dr. T.
W. Harris, a pocket-case of instruments to that student
who shall make the best grade in anatomy.
Candidates for admission should present themselves to
the Registrar on the second Wednesday in September,
Grey's Anatomy, Yeo's Physiology, Shaefer's Histolo-
gy, Appleton's Physics, Parker's Biology, Marshall's
Embryology, Abbott's Bacteriology, Green's Pathology.
Copple, T. M.,
Duguid, James A.,
Garren, R. H.,
Green, T. M.,
Green, W. S.,
Hart, E. R.,
Heathman, J. D„
Heilig, H. H.,
Herring, B. S.,
Joyner, C. C,
Kirby, G. H., S.B. 1896,
McPhail, L. D..
Mebane, W. N..
Mechling, H. E.,
Monk, H. L.,
Newby, G. E,,
Nixon, E. J..
Nobles, J. E.,
O'Hagan, C. J. Jr.,
Price, W. D.,
Roberson, R. M.,
Smith. O. F.,
Thigpen, W. J.,
Venable, C. S., Jr.,
Weaver, W. J., Litt.B. 1895,
Wimberley, J. P..
Winston, A. R..
Wright, J. B.,
Zachary, R. E., Ph.B. 1895,
FOR APPLICANTS BEFORE
£be nortfy Carolina State Boarb of ITIebtcal (Examiners.
Daily questioning- on each of the four subjects, Anatomy,
Physiology, Chemistry, Toxicology, and Materia Medica, for a
period of at least four weeks, begins May 1st, 1897.
Applicants for license before the Examining Board fully realize
the absolute necessity for a thorough, and at the same time rapid,
review of the primary subjects. Medical students during- the last
year, or two years, of college life are too much occupied with
the more advanced work to review the primary branches on
which examining boards lay such stress. This "Quiz Class" is
recommended to those who feel the need of such a review before
making application for license.
Charges for the four weeks, Twenty -five Dollars.
Good table board may be had in Chapel Hill as low as seven
dollars per month.
For further information communicate with
Chas. S. Mangum, M.D., or
Chas. Baskekville, Ph.D.,
University of N. C,
Chapel Hill, N. C
References by permission :
Geo Gillett Thomas, M.D., Pres. State Board of Health, Wilmington.
W H Whitehead, M.D., Ex-Pres. State Board of Examiners, Rocky Mount.
John Whitehead, M.D., Ex-Pres. N. C. Med. Soc. and Ex-Pres. Board of
Examiners, Salisbury. .
: R D Jewett, M.D., Editor of the N. C. Medical Journal, Wilmington.
Richard H. Lewis, M.D., Sec'y of State Board of Health, Raleigh.
L J. Picot, M.D., Ex-Sec'y Board of Examiners, Littleton.
Geo W Long, M.D., Ex-Examiner in Chemistry, Graham.
John F. Miller, M.D., Superintendent Eastern Hospital, Goldsboro.
H..A. Royster, M.D., Raleigh.
Jno. M. Manning, M.D., Durham.
A. W. Knox, M.D., Raleigh.
Henry T. Bahnson, M.D., Salem.